Any person interested in finding new techniques to save energy or come up with an option that will offer your complete property with electrical energy regardless of the circumstances (believe electric restrictions and natural disasters such as earthquakes), will inform you that solar panels are more than handy. So, virtually, this is the base of your solar panel and there will be some measuring involved as you need to make a template of where your solar cells will be placed. The metals in solar PV racking and mounting systems can be faced with corrosion if wrong metals are utilised together. Also shingled cells are relatively inexpensive to manufacture so they can be a extremely expense powerful high overall performance option, specially if partial shading is an issue. Even though not very significant, cooling air flow beneath your solar panels does also aid reduce solar panel temperature and this will enhance electrical energy output overall performance by the solar panel. 1 main advantage of using a ground mount is that the panels are readily accessible for maintenance and cleaning. A lot of components utilised in the Triangle Tilt Mounting Technique can be bought individually, these components are listed beneath. The technique is infinitely expandable to suit arrays of any size and can be employed for either roof or ground mount installations and can accommodate most frame type solar modules making use of a basic clamping arrangement. A steeper tilt angle captures more energy in the winter and also sheds snow off the panels. When property owners think of installing a solar power system on their home, rooftop solar is possibly the initial factor to come to thoughts. SunPower P19 series panels makes use of the verticle shingled cell format up to 405Wp. Q cells were the initial in incorporate PERC technology into mulitcrystalline cells but use the name Q.antum for their range of PERC modules. Very first, pole mounts take up significantly less ground space than ground mounts do. Imagine obtaining the pole of a basketball hoop setup someplace in the middle of your yard—it’s considerably significantly less obtrusive than a complete frame spread out more than a big section of land. One particular advantage of a pole mount is that it can incorporate a tracking technique , which permits the panels to follow the sun over the course of the day, offering much more time in direct sunlight, and thus more energy developed. However, frameless modules offer you numerous positive aspects specially in regards to cleaning, with no frame to catch dirt and dust the frameless modules when tilted or flat are significantly less difficult to clean and are more inclined to aid from wind and rain to self-clean which final results in higher solar output. Flexible thin film cells and modules are produced on the very same production line by depositing the photoactive layer and other necessary layers on a versatile substrate If the substrate is an insulator (e.g. polyester or polyimide film) then monolithic integration can be employed. Along with an aluminum solar panel frame are other solar panel components that can be used in conjunction with the aluminum solar frames and solar panel parts. End clamps install on the outer edges of the array, and mid clamps install amongst columns of panels. The systems now identified require the connection and assembly of array units on the water, and mooring systems leave large scale arrays vulnerable to damage from wind and wave action. Soon after you are done with gluing all the lines of solar cells you have, you will want to solder the wires you have connected. The continual devaluation of the rand has opened possibilities for neighborhood manufacturing and distribution of solar mounting systems. If you never really feel comfortable drilling holes into your roof, or your lease agreement does not permit roof penetrations (as is the case for our flagship Wholesale Solar workplace), you can go with a ballasted roof mount. If it’s windy I will often add a third crossbeam in the middle just to make the stand stronger and give the solar panels a lot more support. If you strategy on getting a solar tracker included as element of your solar power program, it really is a great thought to take into account ground or, far better but, pole-mounted mounts for your system. Leading-mount clamps are the most typical attachment method, and assistance modules between9″ and just more than two.”. Know the thickness of your modules and choose the corresponding end clamps, mid clamps or cap strips for the finishing portion of the install. Right here we highlight a lot of of the most recent solar panel and PV cell technologies provided by the leading producers. Solar shingles and building-integrated PV (BIPV) are component of the subsequent wave in solar panels and solar mounting. Bifacial solar technology has been obtainable for a number of years but is beginning to grow to be well-liked as the expense to manufacture the extremely higher good quality monocrystalline cells necessary continues to lower.
By combining a heritage of excellence in German engineering with American innovation, in 2011 Renusol America introduces the groundbreaking, American-produced Renusol CS60- the first one piece mounting program for PV panels. Whether a solar roof mount, ground mount, best of pole mount, side of pole mount, tower mount or solar carport, we can accommodate your needs. 7,758,011 entitled Adjustable Mounting Assembly for Standing Seam Panels” which issued to Haddock on Jul. For use on ships, PV modules or solar panels need to be installed properly utilizing specialised mounting frames. You will also want to build a frame for your solar cells and the frame will be the base for your DIY solar panel, so that is where a hand saw will come as far more than handy. Altering the tilt angle of an array to account for seasonal alterations in sun altitude is not essential. Bear in mind that there are diverse solar mounts utilized for each and every application: flush mounting for roofs, solar pole mounts , and solar ground mounts. Distinct requirements exist for the roof mounting of solar systems. Throughout the summer season solar panels can often lay flat on the ground and make about 90% of the power that they would make if they were up on the rack. The entire mounting system fees about the very same as buying one more one hundred-watt solar panel but throughout the winter the solar stand helps make twice as considerably power. Most solar panels for rooftop solar installations are created up of 60 solar cells, while the common for commercial solar installations is 72 cells (and can go up to 98 cells or more). The subsequent step then is to calculate the total number of solar modules we want to mount at our internet site. This type of mounting program is properly suited for web sites where excavation is not attainable such as capped landfills and simplifies decommissioning or relocation of solar module systems. In addition, if your home makes use of a lot of electrical energy, your roof may possibly not be large sufficient for a solar energy program that meets your electricity demands. Pole Mounts permit you to adjust the tilt angle to maximize your energy output throughout the seasons. Now solar panels are so inexpensive relative to a few years ago South pacing panels can make sense in Australia. An adjustable roof mount with tilt angles up to 45 degrees for maximum solar performance. Discarded powder-coated bed-frames (normally 2″ angle) are also most beneficial for this kind of workout ~ and with a bit of imagination can be used as a base for an tilt-adjustable string of panels. MT Solar pole mounts are yet another fantastic option. As solar panels companies constantly seek methods to decrease expenses, item design and style is of course influenced by this objective. With the help of the world wide web and our own ingenuity we constructed an straightforward transportable, collapsible, and storable solar panel mount out of absolutely nothing but PVC and zip ties. There are a lot of elements figuring out the sort of solar mounting best suited for your property or company. Landpower Landscape Ballasted Solar Mounting is applicable to large scale flat roof module installation. I have the solar panels and 24 Lead acid batteries(100Amph each and every) to power the home at day and night. The pole will likely place the panels six or much more feet up in the air and let you maintain that ground space. Each fastening program 29 contains a roof clamp 31 and a catch or mounting bracket 33. Just before you begin arranging the cells, linking adverse to positive components as you go, you may think about creating little frames in the number of cells you have and inside of the main frame of your template. The Terragrif is held by the anchoring of the claws in the frame material and mounting program. Solar mounts aren’t just employed to maintain solar panels in spot during windy conditions. Trackers are ground mounts that adjust automatically, making certain your panels usually face straight at the sun. Ground mount systems demand suitable land space, and they appear industrial. We have selected distinct brands of solar panels with various frame thickness, from 31 mm to 50 mm to submit them to a mechanical resistance test. Together with structural engineers, the solar panel business has looked for effective structural frames that are light in weight and cost efficient to install, construct and that are capable to carry the weight of the solar panel technique. 1 kind of passive tracker is driven by a closed Freon system that causes the tracker to stick to the sun with adequate accuracy for flat-plate PV modules, such as the Zomeworks In high wind locations a powered tracker might be preferred.
A single of the most common types of solar panel mounts seen and recommended nowadays are roof mounts. Mounts are used to attach solar panels to the roof, ground, or yet another surface on your property. In a lot of instances, a distinct panel manufacturer will also offer the rack mount particularly for their panels. A straightforward roof inspection can help you determine whether the added weight of solar panels are a viable selection for your residence. With all the problems with tilt frames with added spacing and shadows and so on, I was considering of going with lying them flat. Most residential PV systems are mounted on roofs. The sturdy pipes in triangulation provide an outstanding supporting frame with a little give to offer some flexibility for these inadvertent bumps and knocks. It really tends to make everything worth it since the complete point of having solar is to make as significantly energy as possible with cost-free power from the sun. Canadian Solar – One of the ideal values for solar panels. As a lot of men and women are nervous about roof penetrations on a flat roof, these south-facing ballasted systems can boost your yield if you have got a lot of roof space, with no penetrating your climate proofing. When we originally put collectively our electrical program we purchased Renogy’s 400-watt MPPT solar kit , which comes with 4 one hundred-watt panels. So, whilst on paper, the two sorts of panels could produce the exact same amount of power, this benefit signifies ground panels often get a lot more sunlight, enabling them to produce a lot more power, saving a lot more cash. What most men and women do not realize is every single set of solar panels stand legs are developed to be utilized with one particular panel only. Solar trackers can support salvage those hours when the sun just is not shining straight on the panels like it requirements to be. Some of the panels have a built-in angle-adjustment, allowing you to get the optimal angle for gathering sunlight throughout the year and enhancing your solar sun number score in accordance. I normally use 100-watt solar panels with my solar generators and each solar panel usually about 22 inches wide. Roof mounts have a tendency to be the least costly way to mount your solar program because they take benefit of your existing roof structure to provide a foundation for your panels. 10. The floating help structure of claim 9, wherein stated mooring line segments are splayed radially to give resistance for loading in the East- West direction and to give torsional stability of the array, and additional including anchor elements comprising one or a lot more concrete deadman, a ground anchor, a pile, or any combination thereof. The only problem i can think of is that the installer may not like the thought to steer clear of complaint if the panel may not secured since the panel owner hold creating adjustments to the tilt angle more than time. The steep angle of pole mounts naturally aids snow removal, as the weight of the snow causes it to naturally slide off the face of the panels. From Solar Panel Parts to aluminum solar panel frames, Johnson Brother’s has a answer for your Solar Panel Frame wants. You will of course need sufficient tools for developing your personal solar panels. 8. The floating assistance structure of claim 1, wherein stated mooring and anchoring method includes a plurality of continuous lines threaded by way of running pulleys attached so mentioned array, thereby providing a continual tension force in said continuous mooring lines, wherein lateral wind load forces imposed on the array are usually constant in magnitude and vary in path primarily based on the geometry of mentioned mooring lines. Many ground mounts are developed to hold the panels at a fixed angle all year round, which implies that the panels will not run at complete efficiency throughout the year. The kinematics of a continuous mooring line running by way of pulleys and the design approach are related to the above-water mooring application except that in the event of water level rising and complete wind load on the array, the array tends to be pulled down into the water at the array support points. Typically, ground mount solar panels cost a bit far more than rooftop solar on a per-watt basis due to the fact of added labor and permitting that may possibly be essential for the installation. We are assuming for this installation that the panels will be installed side-by-side in a portrait orientation. Whether or not you are getting or making solar cells, make confident that you have a lot more cells than planned for the solar panel you are producing as solar cells are naturally really fragile and some may even be broken, so you will need to have to have a backup.
Two rows of solar panels would demand 4 rails… unless you are making use of a shared rail method. Panel output is rated at a cell temperature of 25 degree Celcius STC (Regular Test Circumstances) and every degree above this slightly reduces energy output. Our Mounting Frames are Aluminium and are anodised to make sure your panels remain neatly and safely secured. Supplied with marine-grade steel mount frames capable to withstand the harshest conditions at sea. For example, a solar frame will vary in strength primarily based on its intended use and the weight of the panels it will hold. We frequently pair these with the Swift Mount QBase low slope flashings , which are code compliant for flat or low-slope roofs. If you have sufficient space accessible, you can mount your panels in a specially engineered rack structure affixed to the ground. We have a variety of ground, roof and pole mount solar panel help frame for the PV modules. There is a lot of shade on the north side of the roof, so the panels will go toward the southern side of the residence and carport. To lift your array off the ground, you can also mount your panels on the best of a sturdy pole. In a 6 kilowatt solar installation produced up of 20 solar panels, the panels alone will weigh approximately 800 pounds (20 panels x 40 lbs). It is a delicate and at times unsafe procedure that is more time consuming than installing panels on pole or ground mounts. Our suppliers’ place their solar mounting equipment through vigorous testing at places like the James Cook University who place solar panels, mounting frames and fixings by way of low-high-low (LHL) cyclic load testing which emulates the quickly oscillating up-and-down forces of cyclonic regions. Solar Panels in the fundamental sense work by converting available sunlight into usable electrical energy. Shipment delays and minimum order quantities has additional prepared the market for a regional manufacturer to provide the African markets with quality and cost-effective solar mounting systems. Though they have been confirmed to function effectively when ground mounted over light sandy surfaces and are also in a position to attain up to ten% higher output even on light coloured rooftops when tilted. A shared-rail technique requires two rows of solar panels and removes a single of these rails, leaving you with three: a leading, middle, and bottom rail. 435 solar panel support frame merchandise are offered for sale by suppliers on , of which solar mounting program accounts for 11%, solar power program accounts for four%, and aluminum profiles accounts for 3%. A wide variety of solar panel support frame options are offered to you, such as decorations, transportation tools. 0033 These and other objects and advantages are achieved by the support structure, assembly system, deployment technique, and mooring and anchoring method of the inventive floating solar panel array of the present invention. It weighs correct about 15lbs with out the solar panels attached. Do some study on your personal, and talk to your local solar provider to uncover out how ground-mounted solar panels can ideal help you meet your home’s power wants. A recent report by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) advisable that shoppers examine as a lot of solar possibilities as possible to stay away from paying inflated costs provided by the large installers in the solar sector. Generally, the much more power your property calls for, the more inverters your solar contractor will set up to convert the appropriate quantity of energy. 16 shows a south interior mooring connection, wherein the continuous line 116d is routed from a mooring buoy (not shown) by means of a pulley 298 mounted on a mounting plate 300 affixed to the finish of a N-S frame member in the southwest quadrant of an array field. Nonetheless, REC group just released the new Alpha series panels which use HJT cells with 16 micro busbars (16BB) to obtain an impressive 21.7% efficiency. On the other hand, majority agrees that installations for completely functional solar panels are bit pricy, so not absolutely everyone can afford making use of solar power. Ground solar panels can be installed anyplace you have open space on your property. Solar panel efficiency can be calculated by MPP (maximum energy point) value of solar panels. Following all, if your solar panels are not positioned and installed appropriately, you’ll not only have a solar program that’s less efficient, you might leave your solar panels vulnerable to damage. Solar Panel Frames are our specialty. We located a Youtube video showing a portable solar mount made out of PVC pipe and we just knew it was a wonderful idea.
Because I am maintaining the solar panels on a stand, they are not at threat of being stepped on. Typically occasions individuals will place the solar panels on the ground which is a much higher risk of receiving them damaged. When lots of land is obtainable, and trees aren’t an concern, a ground mount is an economical way to hold your solar panels in the appropriate position. This enables the use of cells with a high cost per unit area (such as gallium arsenide ) in a expense-powerful way. Usually solar panels capture sunlight ideal when they are facing south. The perfect tilt angle for solar panels is the identical as the latitude of the set up place. Frame (2.1.1.five): MostRenogy Solar panels have an aluminum frame, but depending on the sort of panel frame sort can differ. On the other hand, ground-mounted solar panels can be positioned wherever the circumstances are ideal. Aluminium solar panel frame and mounting bracket are used to seal and repair solar battery components. All you need to have is the frame ~ the solar-panels can give the roof. Solar cells produced in China might seem very tempting since of the reasonably priced price tag, but the reality is that those cells are not as lengthy lasting as you require them and virtually there is not a business from China providing a warranty for the cells you are acquiring. For mid-latitude places, a tilt angle modify every single three months is estimated to boost energy production about five percent on an annual basis. Bifacial solar panels normally use a glass front and clear rear polymer backsheet to encapsulate the cells which allows reflected light to enter from the rear side of the panel. Solar mounting for a flat roof usually requires fewer penetrations and a couple of ballasts. The mounting structure is a expense successful mounting answer. Ground-mounted systems offer you each pros and cons: On the pro side, you can orient the panels directly south, at the optimum tilt angle. Easy Installation: The innovative Sunforson solar rail and G-Screw modules have greatly simplified the installation of PV modules. Sungrow, a single of the biggest solar inverter producers in the world, just released a new range of hybrid energy storage and solar inverters for residential and industrial installations. Understanding a solar panel’s weight is the ideal way to be specific that your roof can help a complete installation. If you like to get hands-on with your system, you can adjust the tilt angle of your panels to get the most production out of your technique on a seasonal basis. If your roof can not physically assistance all the weight of the ballasted technique, your solar provider could have to penetrate your roof to set up your solar array securely. If your installation is within 100km of the coast in Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia, you will possibly need to have cyclone or elevated wind specifications to guarantee that your mounting method will be suited to the wind region. Trina solar along with a lot of other manufacturers not too long ago began supplying thin round wire busbar cells beneath the name multi busbar (MBB) as an option on a variety of modules in 2019. 20. The technique of claim 19, further including the step of connecting a mooring and anchoring program to the floating solar panel array, the mooring and anchoring technique like a plurality of continuous operating lines that produce equal force resistance to each and every point on the solar panel array to which the continuous running lines are attached. Many instances pole mounts are developed to permit the panels to swivel from side to side, as effectively as tilting up and down. 0072 Disposed among the ends of the frame member, two dimples or stops 194 give an element against which the reduce finish of north and south panel supports can be abutted. Installation of ground panels also requires considerably more time and effort and is normally much more expensive than rooftop panels. Assuming our 3kW technique utilizes 250W panels, the added price of tilting 12x250W panels should be about $300. In accordance with the quantity of lines of solar cells you have aligned, you will want the sufficient number of wires. What numerous property owners don’t realize is that installing ground mount solar panels is just as straightforward and cost-successful. We used a combination of 11” stainless steel zip ties and standard plastic ones , threading them by means of the current mounting holes on the solar panel frame. Bifacial cells absorb light from each sides of the panel and in the appropriate location and circumstances can make up to 27% a lot more power than traditional monofacial panels.
If you have three phase energy a far better option is probably to be to set up a larger technique with no tilt frames. Most of the solar panel frames we give are produced from anodized aluminum due to the strength, durability, and resistance of the material. Renusol America is deemed a leading innovator in pitch roof and flat roofed solar mounting systems. We all know by now that solar energy systems are a win-win. The initial step towards generating your own solar panel is getting your hands on price-efficient, but functional solar cells. The line is routed back to the array, exactly where it is either fed through a pulley mounted at the finish of a N-S frame member or terminated at a cleat. View the Clenergy installation videos for flat mount frames (tin & tile) and tilted frames (tin only). Due to the fact they are not dependent on your roof, ground-mounted solar panels are set at the perfect angle to optimize energy production. Customers not certain on rail string lengths should contact us, solar panels are of different widths. In 2010, 15.9 GW of solar PV program installations were completed, with solar PV pricing survey and market investigation business PVinsights reporting growth of 117.8% in solar PV installation on a year-on-year basis. 11. The floating support structure of claim 9, wherein mentioned mooring lines are pre- tensioned and released a fixed length at the time of installation. Essential things to take into account when preparing a ground-mounted solar PV installation are the soil circumstances as properly as required ground clearance i.e. for flooding. If every single solar panel produces 1.5-kilowatt hours of electricity, then to offset your complete power bill, you are going to require 20 solar panels. Mono PERC cells are now the most well-known and effective cell type with most companies including Winaico, Trina Solar, Q cells, LONGi Solar, Jinko Solar , Risen and JA Solar now all using PERC cell architecture. Eco Marine Energy is at the forefront of creating low emission & fuel saving options for ships, Our personal computer systems also provide a manage interface among renewable power & other systems on-board ships. Divide 216 inches, which is the leading-to-bottom length of the roof minus the 12 inch border on every single side, by the long-edge of each and every panel and you get three.three panels -naturally you can not reduce a panel so you can get three rows on your roof. On the flat ground, you can position solar panels in any direction you want to maximize sun exposure, as opposed to on a slanted roof. Passive solar trackers automatically move solar panels to face straight into the sun with no using any electrical energy. Marine photovoltaic (PV) panels and mounting frame kits are created to withstand the harsh circumstances at sea & are appropriate for all vessels ranging from coastal vessels to ocean-going passenger ferries & cargo ships. The Terragrif is created and created according to the mounting structure implemented and depending on the various photovoltaic panels used. The aluminium frames around the solar panel, hugging the glass covering on top and the back-sheet at the bottom, has been critical, though typically ignored component of a solar panel. Never overlook you can use our patented GemLock folding struts to make your bimini tops and dodgers smooth and tight yet ultra effortless to break down and stow – even with solar panels in location. They just hang” or drape” the mounting technique over your roof and your solar panels are attached to this bracket. Our tilt frames are the product of innovation from years over years of solar installation encounter. Due to the fact of how portable and adjustable the mounting frame is I am able to take it anyplace with me with ease and use it regardless of the time of the year. They are internationally recognized to be a manufacturer of a diverse product mix like solar mounting systems for little to utility scale applications, waste management solutions, and customized bracket manufacturing. That indicates this DIY transportable solar panel stand mount is anyplace from 50% to 75% far more cost-effective than placing a set of legs on each and every panel. Browse ground mounts, roof mounts, pole mounts and other racking options from IronRidge, Fast Mount, S-5 and far more. With the rising levels of rooftop photovoltaic systems, the energy flow becomes two-way. Armed with the expertise of solar panel size and solar panel weight, we can make a calculation about how considerably a entire solar panel system weighs – which in turn can support you understand no matter whether your roof can assistance a new solar panel technique or not.
0032 Yet one more object is to offer a floating solar panel help system that has minimum volume for shipping. This mount relies on the weight of the PV array, as properly as concrete blocks, to hold the program in location. The term solar panel is employed colloquially for a photo-voltaic (PV) module. These make it less difficult to remove your solar panels at a later date, or to replace the roofing on your property without having disturbing the panels themselves. Variety of specialized and versatile photovoltaic modules (PV) for ship SOLAR Energy and marine use accessible. A solar panel mount (or solar racking method) is the foundation that holds your solar array in spot. If you believe there is a excellent chance you are going to want to expand the size of your solar array in the future, it tends to make sense to get a larger mount rather than a smaller sized 1. The Help is pre-assembled,just open it and repair the rail,four measures finish the addition,The tilt-in module can be place into the extruded rail from the any location and can be high pre-assembled with the these minimizes the time and expense of installation. I believe permanent installations are just fine for solar panels but with a solar generator , a portable solar panel mount is genuinely helpful. ISA Corporation has years of knowledge constructing and installing solar panel frames and elevated mounting racks. There’s an additional option, referred to as ground-mounted solar panels. Each of these solar panel mounting frames can be modified to suit your application. Ground Mounts allow you to pick the optimal tilt angle in a south-facing path. Higher high quality, lengthy lasting, well developed options for mounting PV modules and arrays. The complete solar panel stand frame simply breaks down to be very portable as effectively when not in use. The company is now pushing the boundaries with the new Tiger variety of higher-efficiency solar panels. Do not attach solar panel to pole mount until mount is securely fit, and pole base has been secured. The Triangle Tilt Mounting Method can be used on open ground or on your roof for that extra strength. Finally, I would recommend if you have flooded batteries to make certain there is lots of water in the batteries ahead of the solar panels get to work and monitor the charge cautiously for a couple of weeks so you strike the balance in between charge and consumption. You will use the solder flux for removing the grease out of the solar cells you have and a hand saw is obviously quite needed as there will be lots of cutting involved. Photo-voltaic cells use sunlight as a source of power and generate direct current electrical energy A collection of PV modules is called a PV Panel, and a method of Panels is an Array. If you determine to include a tracking technique in your installation, you will spend an extra upfront price, but the resulting improve in electricity production can make tracking systems cost-efficient for several property owners. As a common rule, most mounting systems want to be much more than 500mm away from any roof edge to comply. six shows how solar panels 136 are mounted on and connected to the panel supports by clipping the outer edges 204 of the outer panels to the panel supports employing C- clips 206 and screws, and by clipping the interior edges of all of the panels to the panel supports employing panel T-clips 208 and screws. For bigger solar panels such as the SunWorks 180 watt panel, take a look at the massive adjustable solar panel mounting frame. SunPower – The most effective panels on the market place, their ideal solar panels have a conversion rate of 22.8%. A third set of 5ft slotted angle iron pieces can be employed to make a center crossbeam which is suggested on windy days to aid hold the panels in location. To locate the smaller contractors that generally offer you reduce rates, you’ll require to use an installer network like EnergySage You can receive totally free quotes from vetted installers nearby to you when you register your home on our Solar Marketplace – property owners who get three or much more quotes can count on to save $5,000 to $10,000 on their solar panel installation. 15 The Spectrolab scientists also predict that concentrator solar cells could obtain efficiencies of more than 45% or even 50% in the future, with theoretical efficiencies becoming about 58% in cells with more than 3 junctions. Testimonials and details on the very best Solar panels, inverters and batteries from SMA, Fronius, SunPower, SolaX, Q Cells, Trina, Jinko, Selectronic, Tesla Powerwall, ABB.